Protect Your Kidneys: Take These 5 Tests to Catch Early Signs of Diseases
As we age, our kidneys become more vulnerable to diseases and other health issues. The kidneys are responsible for filtering the waste products from our body and maintaining the balance of minerals and fluids. If the kidneys fail to function properly, it can lead to serious health problems. That’s why it’s essential to take care of them and get regular checkups. Here are five tests that you should take to catch the early signs of kidney diseases.
1. Urine Test
One of the easiest ways to check the health of your kidneys is by taking a urine test. Your doctor might ask you to do a urine culture to check for bacteria or a proteinuria test to look for excess protein in your urine. If there is protein in the urine, it can be an early sign of kidney disease.
2. Blood Test
A blood test is another way to assess the health of your kidneys. Your doctor will check the levels of creatinine and blood urea nitrogen (BUN). These two waste products are usually filtered out by the kidneys. If the levels are high, it means your kidneys aren’t functioning correctly.
3. Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR)
GFR measures how well your kidneys are filtering waste products from your blood. There are several ways to calculate it, but the most common one is the MDRD equation. Your doctor may also use a 24-hour urine collection to measure the GFR. If the GFR is low, it indicates early stages of kidney disease.
An ultrasound test uses sound waves to create images of your kidneys. This test can detect changes in the size and shape of the kidneys, which can indicate various kidney diseases. Ultrasound is a non-invasive and painless test.
5. Kidney Biopsy
A kidney biopsy is a more invasive test that involves taking a small piece of kidney tissue for examination. It’s usually done when other tests are inconclusive. Your doctor will use a needle to remove the tissue sample. This test can diagnose kidney diseases that cannot be detected with other tests.
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Taking care of your kidneys is vital to your overall health. Regular checkups and screening tests can catch early signs of kidney diseases and prevent them from progressing into something more serious. The five tests mentioned above are essential to assess the health of your kidneys. Speak to your doctor to determine which tests are right for you. Remember to maintain a healthy lifestyle by drinking plenty of water, eating well, and exercising regularly. Don’t wait until it’s too late to take care of your kidneys. #HEALTH